Dr. Ewa Dąbrowska (University of Erlangen): Are first and second language acquisition “fundamentally different”?
It is often asserted that the acquisition of morphosyntax in the first language and in late L2 learning are “fundamentally different” (e.g. Bley-Vroman 1989, 2009): L1 acquisition is often assumed to be uniformly successful, with all learners converging rapidly on the same grammar, while late L2 learners show vast individual differences in attainment and rarely achieve native-like proficiency (e.g. DeKeyser 2000, DeKeyser et al. 2010, Johnson and Newport 1989). This has led many researchers to conclude that first and second language acquisition rely on different learning mechanisms. Specifically, the acquisition of L1 grammar is supposed to rely (almost) exclusively on implicit learning, which is assumed to be diminished in adults. As a result, adults need to compensate by relying on explicit learning, as evidenced by robust correlations between L2 learning achievement and language aptitude.
In this talk, I argue that the fundamental difference between first and second language acquisition is found mostly in the eyes of beholder. I show that there are considerable individual differences in L1 ultimate attainment. These are particularly striking if we consider speakers with low academic attainment and heritage language learners. Furthermore, I present findings suggesting that L1 ultimate attainment is also strongly correlated with performance on aptitude tests – in fact, this relationship may be even stronger than in the L2. I conclude that L1 and L2 acquisition rely on the same learning mechanisms (albeit not necessarily to the same extent).
DIS-AGREE Grant: TheEuropean Campus „Seed Money“
Das geisteswissenschaftliche Projekt aus der Linguistik steht unter der Leitung der Universität Freiburg und wird gemeinsam mit den Universitäten Basel, Haute-Alsace und Strasbourg umgesetzt. Information und Kontakt
Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2023
The Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2023 in Basel went to Irene Inoue. Congratulations!
Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2022
The Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2022 in Basel went to Wendy Diepgrond. Congratulations!
Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2020
The Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2020 in Basel went to Mizuki Koda. Congratulations!
Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2019
The Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2019 in Basel went to Ye Ji Lee. Congratulations!
Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2018
The Hermann Paul Scholarship in Linguistics 2018 in Basel went to Joelle Loew. Congratulations!
Hermann Paul Scholarships in Linguistics 2017
The Hermann Paul Scholarships in Linguistics 2017 in Basel went to Robert Reinecke and Valentina Saccone. Congratulations!
Hermann-Paul-Preis für herausragende Dissertationen
Der Hermann-Paul Preis 2022 ging an Aline Bieri und Florian Dreyer. Herzlichen Glückwunsch! /// The Hermann Paul Award 2022 went to Aline Bieri and Florian Dreyer. Congratulations!
Der Hermann-Paul Preis 2019 ging an Emiel van den Hoven. Herzlichen Glückwunsch! /// The Hermann Paul Award 2019 went to Emiel van den Hoven. Congratulations!
Der Hermann-Paul Preis 2018 ging an Verena Schröter und Hanna Svensson. Herzlichen Glückwunsch! /// The Hermann Paul Award 2018 went to Verena Schröter and Hanna Svensson. Congratulations!
The technical storage or access is strictly necessary for the legitimate purpose of enabling the use of a specific service explicitly requested by the subscriber or user, or for the sole purpose of carrying out the transmission of a communication over an electronic communications network.
The technical storage or access is necessary for the legitimate purpose of storing preferences that are not requested by the subscriber or user.
The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for statistical purposes.The technical storage or access that is used exclusively for anonymous statistical purposes. Without a subpoena, voluntary compliance on the part of your Internet Service Provider, or additional records from a third party, information stored or retrieved for this purpose alone cannot usually be used to identify you.
The technical storage or access is required to create user profiles to send advertising, or to track the user on a website or across several websites for similar marketing purposes.