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Attitudes to Language Change, Variation and (Nonnative) Speakers

DateThursday, 11th April 2013
LocationStarkenstraße 44, Seminarraum 1. OG

veranstalter: Anne Krause, Peter Garrett, Marion Krause, Katja Roller, Adriana Hanulíková, Evghenia Goltsev, Olga Iljina
ansprechpartner: Anne Krause
email: anne.krause@frequenz.uni-freiburg.de
web:
institution: HPSL
language: Englisch
location institution: Freiburg
date_raw: 11.-12. April 2013
date_sort: 11.04.2013, 00:00:00
date_parsed: 12.04.2011, 20:13:00

Thursday, April 11

10:00 –
11:00         

Peter Garrett (Cardiff University)

Changing Attitudes to Language – Evidence and Processes

This presentation looks at a number of studies conducted in recent
years whose findings suggest possible changes in attitudes to language,
including, though not solely, English. English is considered in relation
to work in the UK that considers changing attitudes over the past 50
years, including discussion of standardness in contemporary British
English, And it is also considered in relation to data from outside the
UK on attitudes to Englishes, which
might also suggest attitude change. The presentation considers attempts
to explain such findings, both in terms of theoretical and
methodological factors that might be
influencing the results of such studies, and the processes that might be
at work in generating attitudinal change, including the modern media. 

11:00 – 11:30

Coffee break

 

11:30 – 12:30

Adriana Hanulíková (University
of Freiburg)

Speakers, listeners, and speech comprehension: a methodological perspective

This talk will provide an overview of methods to study how speakers’
or listeners’ characteristics affect speech perception and
spoken-language comprehension.

12:30 – 14:00

 

Lunch break

14:00 – 15:00

 

Marion Krause (University of
Hamburg)

Comprehensibility and intelligibility of foreignlanguage speech: the impact of error types and their frequency

The presentation will give an overview about different objects and
methods of Perceptual linguistics. In linguistic research, terms like
Perceptual dialectology als well as Perceptual sociolinguistics are
well-known since the end of the XX century. As far, as they focus on
linguistic signals of social meaning and their interpretation by naïve
auditors they provide a fruitful methodological basis for studies on
cross-linguistic influence, the perception of the results of CLI and the
attitudes towards them. This perspective will be illustrated by a
current study on perception and judgement of “ecological” spoken
material (oral presentations) in an L2/L3 (Russian) by native speakers.
The relevance of error types and their frequencies for speech
comprehension and intelligibility will be discussed, as well as the
status of grammatical deviations in relation to pragmatic factors.

 

Friday, April 12

10:00 – 10:40

Katja Roller (University of Freiburg, GRK
1624 ‘Frequency Effects in Language’)

Perceptions of Welsh English Morphosyntactic Features: The Relation
between Frequency and Salience

 

Recent
research suggests that focus fronting (‘A Welshman he was’) is more frequent
in spoken Welsh English than, for instance, the inverted word order in
indirect questions (‘She asked me was he a Welshman’). But do different
frequencies also lead to different perceptions of grammatical features? The
talk centres around the question in how far frequency and salience are
connected with each other in dialect grammar. This involves the presentation
of methods to determine how characteristic different grammatical features are
of Welsh English and to find out if perceptions differ between ‘insiders’
(people from Wales) and ‘outsiders’ (people from England).

 

10:40 – 11:20

Evghenia Goltsev (University of Freiburg,
GRK 1624 ‘Frequency Effects in Language’)

Reactions to Different Types and Frequencies of Errors in Non-native
German

 

Since one of the most essential
functions of language is successful communication, it is very important to
know by what means certain linguistic phenomena in the learner language influence
it. The presentation will address the main aim of my study, namely to find
out how native speakers of German perceive and judge erroneous utterances
produced by advanced and intermediate learners of German with a Russian
background. Thereby, the focus will be on such factors as intelligibility and
acceptability as well as attitudes to speakers’ personality traits. The
essential research question of the study is: Does the frequency of
modifications irrespective of type influence negative evaluation to a greater
extent than particular deviation kinds like phonetic/phonological or
morpho-syntactic errors do? According to this, the talk will contain previous
corpus findings and methodological aspects of the study.

 

11:20 – 11:40

Coffee break

 

11:40 – 12:20

Anne Krause (University of Freiburg, GRK
1624 ‘Frequency Effects in Language’)

How
to Test the Perception of a Change-in-progress

Anne Krause’s dissertation project
investigates the frequency effects involved in a case of morphological
change, i.e. change in the formation of the imperative of German strong verbs
with vowel gradation (e.g. sprechen:
sprich! > sprech(e)!).The distribution of this change-in-progress across
verbs, registers, speakers etc. will be determined by means of a corpus
study, hereby examining the influence of several measures of frequency and
other potentially significant factors. One or several subsequent experiments
are planned to test for speakers’ awareness of and attitudes towards the
change. The material presented in the workshop shall focus on the set-up of
the experiment(s), paying particular attention to the test procedure to be
chosen, possible priming effects, means of stimulus presentation, and
questions of stimulus selection.

 

12:20 – 13:00

Olga Iljina (University of Freiburg, GRK
1624 ‘Frequency Effects in Language’)

Towards investigating syntactic projections in natural
speech production

This talk will be dedicatedto the role of the nucelar stress on
investigations of the neural correlates of syntactic projection in
electrophysiological recordings.