PhD Student

Julia Schmitt Freiburg

Neuronale Verarbeitung von Dialekt und Standarddeutsch

ErstbetreuerProf. Dr. Peter Auer
ZweitbetreuerProf. Dr. Evelyn Ferstl
DisziplinAllgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
Beginn Promotion03/2012
Statusin Bearbeitung

People speaking two languages since birth show different neuronal language processing than monolinguals (Abutalebi, 2008). It even appears that the processing of later learned languages is facilitated in these bilinguals. Moreover, other cognitive processes may also benefit from bilingual backgrounds (Bialystok, 2009). In contrast to the vast quantity of bilingualism studies, there is almost no neuro-cognitive research on bilectals, who speak a standard language and a regional dialect. Beyond that the few neurolinguistic dialect studies focused primarily on the perception of phonetic dialect features. In an fMRI study, we therefore investigated the functional neuroanatomy of auditory comprehension of different language varieties on the text level. Additionally we testet thirty of our forty fMRI participants with behavioral experiments (Stroop test, verbal fluency, and a picture verification task (PVT) in Standard and Alemannic).
The results suggest that not only foreign languages but also unfamiliar dialects led to more activation in areas outside the ELN, reflecting comprehension difficulties and incertitude (Abutalebi, 2008). In contrast native varieties showed more activation in ELN areas involved in higher level text processing (Ferstl et al., 2008). For monolectals less activation in left aTL revealed comprehension difficulties in Alemannic, consistent with the results of the PVT. Against expectation bilectals did not show an advantage in cognitive flexibility as revealed by the Stroop and verbal fluency tasks. We therefore conclude that bilectal neuronal language processing resembles bilingual processing, with the left aTL playing an important role for mother tongue(s), but that other cognitive processes do not benefit from bilectalism.

ForschungsrichtungenNeurolinguistik, Psycholinguistik, Dialektologie, Soziolinguistik, Spracherwerb, Bilingualismus, Bilektismus
SchlüsselwörterfMRT (funktionale Magnetresonanztomografie)

Kontakt

Emailjulia.schmitt@cognition.uni-freiburg.de
Telefon0049-761-203-4947
Raum01008
AdresseFriedrichstraße 50
Freiburg

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    PhD Scholarships Hermann Paul Scholarships in Linguistics 2014

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