PhD Student

Julia Schmitt Freiburg

Neuronale Verarbeitung von Dialekt und Standarddeutsch

ErstbetreuerProf. Dr. Peter Auer
ZweitbetreuerProf. Dr. Evelyn Ferstl
DisziplinAllgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
Beginn Promotion03/2012
Statusin Bearbeitung

People speaking two languages since birth show different neuronal language processing than monolinguals (Abutalebi, 2008). It even appears that the processing of later learned languages is facilitated in these bilinguals. Moreover, other cognitive processes may also benefit from bilingual backgrounds (Bialystok, 2009). In contrast to the vast quantity of bilingualism studies, there is almost no neuro-cognitive research on bilectals, who speak a standard language and a regional dialect. Beyond that the few neurolinguistic dialect studies focused primarily on the perception of phonetic dialect features. In an fMRI study, we therefore investigated the functional neuroanatomy of auditory comprehension of different language varieties on the text level. Additionally we testet thirty of our forty fMRI participants with behavioral experiments (Stroop test, verbal fluency, and a picture verification task (PVT) in Standard and Alemannic).
The results suggest that not only foreign languages but also unfamiliar dialects led to more activation in areas outside the ELN, reflecting comprehension difficulties and incertitude (Abutalebi, 2008). In contrast native varieties showed more activation in ELN areas involved in higher level text processing (Ferstl et al., 2008). For monolectals less activation in left aTL revealed comprehension difficulties in Alemannic, consistent with the results of the PVT. Against expectation bilectals did not show an advantage in cognitive flexibility as revealed by the Stroop and verbal fluency tasks. We therefore conclude that bilectal neuronal language processing resembles bilingual processing, with the left aTL playing an important role for mother tongue(s), but that other cognitive processes do not benefit from bilectalism.

ForschungsrichtungenNeurolinguistik, Psycholinguistik, Dialektologie, Soziolinguistik, Spracherwerb, Bilingualismus, Bilektismus
SchlüsselwörterfMRT (funktionale Magnetresonanztomografie)

Kontakt

Emailjulia.schmitt@cognition.uni-freiburg.de
Telefon0049-761-203-4947
Raum01008
AdresseFriedrichstraße 50
Freiburg

Curriculum Vitae






News

HPCL, HPSL and the GRK 1624 gratulate Bernd Kortmann and his team (Katja Roller und Marten Juskan) on winning the Instructional Development Award 2016. Awarded was the project “FREDDIE (FReiburg English Dialect Database for Instruction and E-learning) – Eine multimediale Plattform für forschendes, korpusbasiertes Lernen.”
If you want to learn more about the project, click here (German version).
The online version of FRED (“Freiburg English Dialect Corpus”) is accessible on the website of the UB Freiburg.

The HPSL was attributed the official Eucor - The European Campus label.

TV-Beitrag (Komi mit russischen Untertiteln) über das Komi-Dokumentationsprojekt der Freiburg Research Group in Saami Studies

Junge Forscher statt alte Studenten (Bericht, uni'campus, 03/2014)

Halten Graduiertenschulen was sie versprechen? (Ute Schulze und Valentin Klotzbücher, Forschung&Lehre 5/14

Pilotstudie Ausbildungs- und Karrierewege Hermann Paul School of Linguistics: Abschlussbericht

Newsletter Issue no. 6: Deutsch

Newsletter Issue no. 5: Deutsch

Newsletter Issue no. 4: English

Newsletter Issue no. 3: English

Newsletter Issue no. 1&2: German English

Scholarships

PhD Scholarships Hermann Paul Scholarships in Linguistics 2014

The Hermann Paul Scholarships in Linguistics 2014 in Freiburg went to Sonya Kinsey and Uliana Schöller. Congratulations!

The Hermann Paul Scholarships in Linguistics 2014 in Basel went to Carolina Spiegel and Burak S. Tekin. Congratulations!

PhD Scholarship Promotionskolleg Empirische Linguistik (PEL) 2014

The PEL scholarship 2014 went to Hanna Thiele. Congratulations!

Upcoming Events

26.09.-19.12.2017, 10-12 Uhr
Variación social y actitudes lingüísticas en Madrid (Doktorandenseminar)

October 2017-February 2018, April-July 2018
Lecture series "Body, Mind and Soul"